Why Does My Dog Eat Rocks or Sticks?

No doubt on more than one occasion, you’ve thrown a stick, branch or rock for your dog to go fetch, as if it were the most harmless game in the world. It’s a bad habit that almost all of us have committed at some point; the best thing is to throw them a ball, toy or Frisbee – toys that can’t hurt them.

My dog eats rocks and sticks (branches), honestly he’ll even eat dirt or sand; this is something we hear from the majority of our dog loving friends and acquaintances. What they don’t know is how dangerous this can be, not just for their oral health but also for their digestive tract.

Let’s see some of the main reasons why a dog would eat sticks or rocks, what the risks are and how to avoid these bad habits.

dog chewing a stone

What danger is there if my dog eats stones or branches?

A lot – so much that after reading this article, you’ll never throw a rock or stick for your dog again.

When a dog chews on stones, there are two major risks. The first is that he injures his mouth or wears down his teeth (worn teeth is very common in dogs that regularly chew on rocks). Often, these problems cause infections or even require surgery to fix the problems caused by this bad habit.

The second risk is that he’ll swallow the stones. Many dogs do; after chewing them for a bit or playing with them, on purpose or by accident, they end up swallowing the stones or pieces of them. This can cause serious damage to his digestive tract, and can even kill him.

stone in a radiografia

Rocks with sharp edges can injure and tear through his throat, stomach and intestines. Smooth stones can cause serious blockages, and the accumulation of rocks or sand causes major digestive problems which can end your beloved dog’s life.

The same goes for sticks: when they chew them, the splinters can cause serious problems in his mouth, throat and intestines. You’ve most likely seen pieces of sticks in your dog’s poop after having played with one.

No question about it, these are habits that are not recommended for your dog because of the huge problems they can cause.

Dog eating a stick

So… Why does my dog eat rocks and sticks?

There are multiple reasons why a dog might eat rocks, sticks, sand, mud, etc. Here, we have a list of some of the most common ones so that you can compare and contrast them with your dog’s circumstances:

  • Medical condition called “pica”: Found in humans as well as animals, it consists of just that – eating rocks, sticks, sand, etc. for no reason. It’s a harmful behavior that is classified as an illness.
  • Teething period: If your dog is still a puppy, it’s normal for him to want to bite and chew everything, especially while his teeth are coming in. Try to keep him from doing this and teach him to chew his toys, which shouldn’t be dangerous for him.
  • Boredom or stress: A bored or stressed dog can exhibit behaviors that are unpredictable, strange and obsessive, from eating pieces of the wall in your house to eating rocks and sticks outside. To be healthy, all dogs need daily care and attention, including a bit of exercise as appropriate to avoid exactly this type of situation.
  • Lack of nutrients or enzymes: It’s clinically proven that some dogs with nutrient or enzyme deficiencies will lick or eat rocks. For this, you should consult your veterinarian if you think it could be the reason why your dog has taken a sudden liking to rocks.
  • Bad behavior/habit: Many owners don’t see the danger in playing with stones or sticks and they use them every day while walking their dogs to play with them (having them fetch them). This is a very bad habit. The best thing is to play with balls, Frisbees, or other toys specially designed for dogs – never with sticks or rocks.
  • Sickness: Some dogs with stomach pain will eat stones, essentially because it brings them some relief, although obviously they don’t realize that the risks far outweigh the benefits. Your vet will be able to check your dog and see if he’s suffering from some sort of sickness or digestive issue that is compelling him to eat stones.

Dog playing with a stick

How to keep your dog from eating rocks and/or sticks

Simply by watching him. Taking your dog for a walk doesn’t mean letting him run free and do whatever he wants. You should be in control at all times, like if he were a small child. That doesn’t mean that you should keep him tied up and not give him any freedom, just that you need to keep an eye on him.

If you see him pick up a stick or rock, you should scold him so that he puts it down. If he doesn’t, obviously you’ll need to find a way to take it away and scold him so that he learns that picking up rocks isn’t okay.

A great way to get a dog with this bad habit to stop eating rocks is to buy him a Frisbee or a ball. You can throw the Frisbee or ball so he gets used to fetching it instead of stones. With time and a little scolding when he tries to get a rock, he’ll learn healthier habits.

dog playing with ball

Important: never use violence against your dog, scolding him is simply that, scolding, telling him “no”. Never, ever use physical force (violence).

Doing physical exercise with your dog, for example, going out to run with him or ride your bike with him, on skates or skateboard, etc., is a great way to keep your dog from getting bored and will also keep in him shape.

Playing with him is extremely important. It’s a very healthy way to build a close relationship and enjoy your time together (both of you). You can play by tickling him, chasing him, running around the park a little, etc.

dog firsbee

What should I do if my dog swallows a rock or a stick?

You absolutely must see your veterinarian. It’s possible that your dog will eliminate it in his feces, but it’s also possible that it will damage his digestive tract or intestines, cause a blockage or some type of ulcer. Want to risk it and see what happens? Don’t. See your vet and with a simple ultrasound you’ll know how serious it is.

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